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- A duty of a Muslim to spend his wealth firstly for his own expenditures, then his family members, then his immediate relatives and other persons who are under his care.
- Zakat is obligatory. Non-mandatory spending includes spending for sadaqah, tabarru’, waqf, wasiyyah, hibah (gift) or award and even lending money (qard) and other goods for charitable purposes.
- The concept of reasonable wealth for a Muslim, especially for a businessman or a professional, has therefore to fulfil the following criteria:
1. wealth which is more than what is required to satisfy a Muslim and his family’s daily needs;
2. sufficient to provide a reasonably comfortable life in a reasonably clean and beautiful environment;
3. sufficient to provide for the children’s religious as well as worldly education;
4. sufficient to expand his business in order to provide more and better services to his customers;
5. adequate to free him from unnecessary anxiety for the future so that he has ample time for the following pursuits:
a. to perform spiritual duties to Allah;
b. to provide love and care to his family;
c. to increase his professional knowledge.
- First of all, it is important to note that if a financially able person performed Hajj and he has extra money to give in charity for those who are financially unable to perform Hajj and at the same time he gives money to poor and indebted Muslims, then he will be abundantly rewarded for these great deeds.
- It is reported that Prophet (Pbuh) said: “untill four questions have been asked, no one will be allowed to move on the Day of Resurrection. Two of these are: How did you earn and how did you spend? Sovereignty of the property rests in Allah and mankind is only its custodian”.
Prophet (Pbuh) said.
“ He who has land should cultivate it. If he will not or cannot, he should give it free to a (poor) brother and not rent it to him”. (Al-Bukhari)
The Prophet said:
“An honest businessman will be gathered (on the Day of Judgment) together with Prophets, those who are true, those who uphold and fight for Islam and those are pious.” (Al-Tarmizi)
Remember what the Prophet stated:
“You do better to leave you heirs rich than to leave them poor and dependent on the help of other people.” (Narrated by Al-bukhari and Muslim)
Allah also advises the rich not to circulate their wealth only among themselves but as widely as possible among the community.
“And in their wealth. And possessions (was remembered). The right of the (needy), Him who asked, and him Who (for some reason) was Prevented (from asking). (Al-Dhariyat 51:19)
“So give what is due to kindred, the needy, and the wayfarer. That is best for those who seek the Countenance of Allah,..” (Al-Rum 30:38)
“Bandingan seorang mukmin dengan seorang mukmin yang lain bagaikan satu bagunan, kuat menguatkan antara satu sama lain.” (riwayat al-Bukhari dan Muslim)
April 30, 2011 00:11 AM
Selangor Stretch Lead On Top Of Table
KUALA LUMPUR, April 29 (Bernama) -- Selangor stretched their lead on top of the Super League table despite being held 1-1 by Terengganu at the Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah Stadium, Kuala Terengganu Friday night.
The Red Giants collected 33 points from 16 matches, one point ahead of Terengganu.
Selangor opened scoring in the 42nd minute through Safiq Rahim before Terengganu equalised through Ismail Faruqi in the 62nd minute.
In Ipoh, Kedah beat 3-1 at the Perak Stadium.
Kedah led 3-0 through Mohd Khyril Muhaimin (30th minute), Mohd Firdaus Mohd Faudzi (75th) and owned goal by Perak's Mohd Syazwan Roslan (83rd) while the home team scored a consolation goal through Mohamad Noor Hazrul (90th).
In the Premier League, Selangor PKNS continued their top position with 36 points from 14 matches after trouncing SDM Navy 6-0 at the Petaling Jaya Municipal Council Stadium.
In Kuching, Sarawak also routed MP Muar 6-0 at the State Stadium to trail the leaders in the second spot with 29 points from 14 matches.
Sarawak goals were scored by Zamri Morshidi (7th minute), Bobby Ganzales (40th, 68th), Ashri ChuChu (46th, 74th) and Mohd Shahrol Saperi (67th).
In Penang, USM FC beat Penang 5-2 at the Batu Kawan Stadium.
USM FC's goals were scored by Muhammad Afzan Zainal Abidin (20th), Mohd Failee Mohamad Ghazali (30th, 32nd, 52nd) and Mohd Hazrul Shah Mohd Abdul Hakim (69th) while reduced the deficit through Arsyah Mohd Ayob (71st) and Khairul Azri Jamal Haziq (85th)
In Johor Baharu, Johor were held to a scoreless draw by the armed forces at the Tan Sri Dato' Haji Hassan Yunos Stadium and Sime Darby beat Pos Malaysia 2-0 at the Selayang Municipal Council Stadium.
Football: Kelantan Reclaim Top Spot As Leader Selangor Humbled By T'Team
KUALA LUMPUR, April 9 (Bernama) -- Kelantan regained top spot in style after whipping Felda United 6-0 in their Super League match at the Sultan Mohammed IV, in Kota Baharu as Selangor were humbled 0-2 by T'Team.
Incidentally, T'Team who beat Kelantan to knock them off the leader board, did a big favour by pulling off another upset to down Selangor at their own fort, long regarded as stronghold of the Red Giants.
The win today saw Kelantan collect 20 points, the same as Selangor, but moved to the top with a better goal advantage.
Mohd Shakir Shaari opened the flood gates for Kelantan in the 33rd minute while Nurshahrul Idlan Talaha (40th min), Mohd Nizad Ayub (60th min), Mohd Rizad Ayub (71st min), Danial Fadzley (82nd min) and Mohd Azuan Solahudin put the icing on the cake in the 89th minute.
At the Shah Alam Stadium, high riding Selangor brought down to earth with a thud by T'Team who were clearly the better side of the day while Selangor were a pale shadow with stray passes and muffed chances the order of the day.
Selangor's missed chances early in the match came back to haunt them when T-Team struck the first blow in the 50th minuet through a Mohd Norfarhan Muhammad header while Indra Putra Mahayuddin ensured all three points with an 84th minute strike.
In Kota Kinabalu, Sabah also pulled off an upset by beating previously second placed Perak 2-1 at the Likas Stadium despite trailing by a 16th minute goal from Mohd Shafiq Jamal.
Sabah who are second from bottom of the table, equalised through Zuraindey Jumai in the 48th minute before Leopold Alfonso Otong turned hero with a 62nd minute winning goal.
At the Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah Stadium in Kuala Terengganu, home side Terengganu convincingly beat Harimau Muda A 3-1 while Kuala Lumpur and Pahang played to a goalless draw at the Kuala Lumpur Football Stadium.
Johor FC and Negeri Sembilan also shared the spoils and points after a goalless draw at the JCORP Stadium in Pasir Gudang.
Petronas Dagangan Introduces Primax 95 Xtra To Replace Ron 95
KUALA LUMPUR, April 9 (Bernama) -- Petronas Dagangan Bhd (PDB) today launched Primax 95 Xtra, a F1 technology inspired fuel, which will replace Ron 95.
The company said the new fuel would be sold at the regulated price of RON 95 fuel despite its marked superior quality and performance.
The Primax 95 Xtra was launched in conjunction with the unveiling of PDB's new brand tagline "All The Way" by Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak here Saturday night.
Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer Amir Hamzah Azizan said the launch of Primax 95 Xtra, showcased the importance of continuing research and improvement to the Primax line of products.
"We also believe that growth cannot only be in terms of the number of Petronas service stations we have but also in continuously improving the quality of our fuel," he said in a statement.
The new fuel is available at over 950 Petronas service stations nationwide, replacing the previous Primax 95.
The MCA president said Anwar, who has been implicated as one of the actors in the video, should come clean on the matter.
“The matter is in the hands of the police and we hope they conduct the investigation professionally.
“The onus is on Anwar to prove that he is not involved in the video and it is a golden opportunity for him to prove that he is innocent and give his fullest cooperation to the police in the course of the investigation,” Dr Chua told reporters after attending the MCA 1Medical fund-raising dinner at the Chinese Chamber of Commerce hall here last night.
Also present was Kelantan MCA committee chairman Datuk Seri Dr Ng Yen Yen.
Dr Chua said the video issue should not be politicised, adding that the people should leave the matter to the police to investigate.
On another matter, he said he would lead an MCA delegation to meet Mentri Besar Datuk Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat on April 3 to get the PAS spiritual leader's explanation on why the Kelantan government had banned the sale of lottery tickets.
“Nik Aziz has agreed to meet us although I have not discussed with party members on who should attend the meeting scheduled in the afternoon.
“MCA only wants to get a clear explanation on the reasons why the state government had banned the sale of the lottery tickets that is clearly infringing on the rights of the Chinese in Kelantan,” he added.
MCA had criticised the Kelantan government's move to ban the sale of Big Sweep lottery tickets after two bookshop owners were slapped with compound fines for selling them on Feb 26.
Turkish Embassy in Syria warned citizens to stay away from protest sites amid growing protests in the country against Syrian government.
Turkish Embassy in Damascus made an urgent announcement on its internet site, saying there was civil disorder in parts of the country.
It said most violent protests were held in the southern city of Daraa.
Earlier media reports said Syrian troops opened fire on protesters in Daraa where thousands flooded Assad Square chanting for "freedom." Residents said at least 20 protestors have been killed.
Embassy officials also had a meeting with Turkish students and businessmen living in Syria and warned about recent unrest in the country.
By LOURDES CHARLES and M. KUMAR
KUALA LUMPUR: Datuk Shuaib Lazim, the last member of the Datuk T trio who exposed a sex video showing a man resembling Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim having sex with a foreign prostitute, has had his statement recorded.
Shuaib, who is Perkasa treasurer, arrived at Bukit Aman at 5.30pm yesterday - 24 hours after two other members of the trio, former Malacca Chief Minister Tan Sri Abdul Rahim Tamby Chik and businessman Datuk Shazryl Eskay Abdullah - gave their statements to police.
Both Abdul Rahim and Eskay handed over the video recording as well as an Omega watch to the police as evidence.
Royal Malaysian Police Secretary Deputy Comm Datuk Ghazali Md Amin said in a statement yesterday police had arrested two men and obtained several items as evidence from them. He also said the two were released on bail.
He did not reveal their identities, giving rise to speculation that it was Abdul Rahim and Eskay.
He went on to say that one of them even disclosed to police the location where the alleged sex video was filmed.
“A team of investigators including a forensics team went to the location and conducted their investigation,'' he added.
However, both Abdul Rahim and Eskay have vehemently denied that they were arrested by police when they went to give their statements.
They said they were not told by the officers investigating the case or those who recorded their statements that they were arrested.
The men also claimed they did not sign any documents pertaining to their alleged arrest or release.
Inspector-General of police Tan Sri Ismail Omar said police were trying to determine the identity of the people seen in the video as well the person who recorded it.
“There are a few things we are looking into right now,” he said when speaking to reporters after attending the 204th Police Day celebration at Pulapol, here, yesterday.
As to why the trio were not arrested, Ismail replied: “What offence (did they commit), you tell me?”
However, he added that if investigations showed that the trio was involved and if there was sufficient evidence, then police would arrest them.
“Let us determine if they have broken the law first. We can always arrest them later,” he said.
Ismail also urge the public not to speculate on the case and let police investigate the case.
“Give us time to do our job. We are working on it as thoroughly and quickly as possible,” he added.
Besides the trio, the police also recorded statements from senior news editors and journalist from the media and news portals who were invited to view the sex tape by the trio at the Carcosa Sri Negara on Monday.Related Stories:
PM: Truth matters most in sex video
Lawyers: Possession and screening of the video a criminal act
Prove it was not you in sex video, Chua tells Anwar
Wan Azizah wanted to watch it, says Rahim
Probe fairly and in detail, cops urged
Stewing over sex scandal, seats and SNAP
Datuk Shazryl Eskay Abdullah (L) and Tan Sri Rahim Tamby Chik (R). -- PHOTO: NSTP
KUALA LUMPUR - TWO police reports were lodged against the three individuals who said they were responsible for showing a sex video implicating opposition leader Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim.
The reports claimed the trio had broken the law by possessing and distributing pornographic material under Section 292 of the Penal Code and Section 5 of the Censorship Act.
The reports were lodged by Kelana Jaya MP Loh Gwo Burne and a representative of the Selective Prosecution Movement (Gapet), a non-governmental organisation.
In both reports, they urged the police to arrest Tan Sri Rahim Tamby Chik, Datuk Shazryl Eskay Abdullah and Datuk Shuib Lazim and investigate the matter thoroughly.
In the report, Mr Loh also said the trio had threatened Datuk Anwar and his wife Datuk Seri Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ahmad saying the video would be made public if they did not step down.
Gapet representative, Khairul Anuar Othman said they want police and Internal Security Ministry to investigate the matter without the involvement of Umno and Perkasa. -- THE STAR/ANN
Labels: Sex Video
KUALA LUMPUR, March 26 (Bernama) -- Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak said that Umno had nothing to do with the sex video alleged to involve an opposition leader.
"The question is whether the tape is authentic or not because if it is genuine, a sin had been committed. This is what has to be determined first," the Prime Minister and Umno president said.
"There are those inclined towards conspiracy theories which distract from the core question of whether this sinful act occurred and was recorded," he told reporters after chairing an Umno supreme council meeting here, Friday.
On the call for a royal commission to be set up to investigate the authenticity of the video, he said this was up to the government to decide.
Najib said that police must carry out an investigation that was thorough and professional, with experts brought in to help.
Najib said that the experts could help ascertain whether the video had been doctored.
"It is very easy to see and verify if a video had been doctored," he added.
Thursday, former Melaka Chief Minister Tan Sri Abdul Rahim Thamby Chik and businessman Datuk Shazryl Eskay Abdullah handed to the police at Bukit Aman the video together with an Omega gold watch, alleged to belong to the person seen in the video.
Najib said the meeting also discussed the party membership which now totalled 3,233,586.
He also said the meeting decided to lift the suspension imposed in 2009 on state assemblyman for Usukan in Sabah Datuk Japlin Akim for involvement in money politics.
Labels: Sex Video
The US and the UK hit Libya’s air defense systems with 112 Tomahawk cruise missiles as French fighter jets took out tanks around Benghazi in the first day military action to prevent Muammar Gaddafi from attacking rebels. The missiles were, fired from US and UK’s ships and submarines in the Mediterranean Sea and hit 20 air defense and communication systems in the western parts of the country, and near the capital Tripoli.
The purpose of the cruise missile attacks was to “shape the battle space” to be able to enforce the no-fly zone mandated over Libya by a UN Security Council resolution, said US military.
“Today I authorized the Armed Forces of the United States to begin a limited military action in Libya in support of an international effort to protect Libyan civilians,:” said Barack Obama in Brazil, where he is on a two-day visit.
“That action has now begun.” It is called Operation Odyssey Dawn.
Libya called the attacks barbaric. Strongman Muammar Gaddafi said these unprovoked attacks have turned the Mediterranean into a battle area. He called for all Arab and Muslim states to join him in this “large scale crusade”.
Libya on Sunday said it regarded as invalid a UN resolution ordering a ceasefire by its forces and demanded an urgent meeting of the Security Council after its territory was attacked by Western forces.
A number of these Arab states – and the Arab League -- are a part, however, of the coalition arrayed against Gaddafi. Their leaders met counterparts from the UK, UK, France, Spain, Italy, Canada, Lithuania and other countries met in Paris earlier Saturday.
There was some confusion in the coalition as France went off the block the first, sending fighter jets over Libya. They destroyed four tanks and returned. Within an hour the US and the US were raining cruise missiles on Libya.
“We are creating the conditions to be able to set up the no-fly zone, and once we have established and confirmed that the conditions are right then we will move forward into the next,” said US vice admiral William Gortney at a news briefing.
The attacks are being led by US commanders now, but will be led by coalition commanders in the coming days. Obama is very clear he doesn’t want to own this conflict, saying it will be conducted by a coalition.
The US military said the strikes were the first phase of a multi-phase operation and were intended to destroy Libya’s air defense systems making it easier for coalition planes to enforce the no-fly zone.
The US used two destroyers, three submarines and three other ships for the strikes; the UK contributed one submarine. Gortney couldn’t tell immediately the effect of the strikes saying it could take hours to know.
As revolt spreads through the Arab world, Libyan President Moammar Kadafi and Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh take brutal steps to retain power.
Anti-government protesters flee as government backers repel their attack during clashes in Sanaa, Yemen. (Khaled Abdullah / Reuters / February 19, 2011)
Reporting from Cairo and Sana, Yemen —
The unrest convulsing the region has swept through Libya and Yemen, where demonstrators have grown fearless against the tear gas and bullets of entrenched police states. But even if the scenario is similar to the narrative played out in the overthrow of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, it is far from certain whether demonstrations can dislodge Libyan President Moammar Kadafi and Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh.
Unlike Egypt, Libya and Yemen are tribal nations, and the two leaders have skillfully manipulated clan loyalties for decades.
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With his eccentric, often inscrutable personality, Kadafi has ruled Libya, one of the world's largest oil producers, for 41 years through a mix of repression, patronage and shrewd tribal alliances. Saleh, who once described ruling Yemen as "dancing on the heads of snakes," has stayed in power for 32 years in much the same manner.
The heart of the revolt in Libya is in the eastern city of Benghazi, where dozens of people have died in recent days and tens of thousands of protesters have taken control of many neighborhoods. The army moved to crush dissent Friday, but by Saturday afternoon one witness said soldiers had abandoned two tanks in front of the courthouse and security forces had fallen back to bases.
"Kadafi is not in control of Benghazi," said the son of a former diplomat and military officer who asked not to be named. "By tomorrow, the city will belong to the people. There are no police here. But we've been isolated and shut off. The Internet is down. Cellphones are not working properly. Ten people were killed last night and we carried their coffins through town and buried them."
The tenor changed dramatically by Saturday evening, when reports emerged that security forces, including snipers, had opened fire on protesters and mourners. A doctor told the Al Jazeera network that he had glimpsed dozens of corpses at the city's hospital, which was on the brink of running out of blood for transfusions to treat the wounded.
"I have seen it on my own eyes: At least 70 bodies at the hospital," Wuwufaq al-Zuwail told the network. He said security forces had blocked ambulances from reaching the injured on the protest lines.
It was impossible to independently verify what has been unfolding in Benghazi, the country's second-largest city, which has been cut off to foreign media. The eastern region has long been marginalized by Kadafi, and anger has been growing over failed economic reforms, especially for the jobless young. There is also lingering hostility over the 1996 deaths of hundreds of inmates from the east killed in a massacre at Abu Salim prison in Tripoli.
"Libya is more like a black hole. It's very hard to see inside at all," said Joe Stork, deputy director for North Africa and the Middle East for Human Rights Watch. "Libya's police have in the past shown zero tolerance for any dissent. Especially public dissent. People have been locked up for years for organizing even small protests. What's new here is that large numbers of people are still coming out."
The Libyan protests are not the "beginning of a revolution," said Mustafa Labbad, head of Al Sharq Center for Political Studies in Cairo. "Libya is a tribal country and what happens in a certain area isn't necessarily accepted by or adopted by other tribes.... We've got all the protests in the east where the poorest of Libyans live and resent Kadafi the most. However, you need much more than just one part of a country to revolt," he said.
But U.S. diplomatic cables released recently by WikiLeaks reveal growing internal discontent with Kadafi.
"Static state salaries and inflation, particularly with respect to prices for food and key staples, have hit ordinary Libyans hard in the last two years," states a 2009 U.S. diplomatic cable. "Conspicuous consumption by regime elites, has not sat well with the silent majority.... The fact that many young men are forced by lack of means to delay marriage is another pressing economic issue in a conservative society in which marriage is a key social anchor."
In Yemen's southern coastal city of Aden, police in recent days relinquished parts of the town to protesters. It was uncertain whether security forces gained control Saturday after mobs attacked and burned police stations during the nation's ninth consecutive day of demonstrations.
Two protesters were killed and dozens injured when gunmen shot into the crowd from nearby rooftops and from a passing vehicle, according to local reports. Protesters in Aden said the gunmen were government security officers. Government officials denied the claim.
The rising violence points to years of frustration in Yemen — the Arab world's poorest country — and to Saleh's strained relations with tribal leaders. Saleh is confronting a secessionist movement in the south and a network of Al Qaeda militants on tribal lands beyond the capital, Sana. He recently attempted to buy off tribal leaders with cars and cash, according to local media.
"Politicians have always played the tribes card, and they will now that there are threats from the south and from the protesters," said Ali Saif Hassan, director of Yemen's Political Development Forum. "The tribes are a powerful force, and their loyalty will certainly be used to blackmail Saleh."
The danger the president faces was evident Saturday afternoon when a small band of pro-government supporters dressed in traditional clothing fired Kalashnikov rifles into a crowd of more than a thousand protesters gathered in front of Sana University. Protesters said the gunmen were security officers acting on orders from the government. Government officials denied any involvement in the shootings.
"I ask you, if my government is democratic, why am I afraid to go out on the street? Why am I afraid my government will put bullets in me?" said Kamal Daifalah, a doctor and an anti-government protester in Sana, who gave his great-grandfather's name for fear of reprisals from police. "This is not democracy. This is state terrorism."
Another anti-government protester, Farooq Abdulmalik, said he was willing to die for his freedom. "To live without freedom is another form of death," the 22-year-old student said. "We are not afraid."
MANAMA, Feb 19 (Bernama) -- Bahrain's main Shiite opposition group Al-Wefaq rejected an offer of dialogue floated by King Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa with all parties to end unrest and protests that swept the tiny Gulf nation and left six people dead, Xinhua news agency reported, citing Dubai- based Al-Arabiya TV report Saturday.
The King has issued a royal decree in which he tasked Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad Al-Khalifa to lead the dialogue with all parties.
Al-Wefaq, which holds 18 seats in the 40-member parliament, conditioned military tanks to be withdrawn from the capital Manama's Pearl Square.
In a knee jerk to the use of force by police to end protests, Al-Wefaq has suspended its participation in Bahrain's parliament.
Bahrain, home to the US Navy's 5th Fleet, is ruled by the Sunni Muslim al-Khalifa family where the majority Shiite population says they are facing discrimination in jobs and other services.
The kingdom denies such claims.
Bahrain with a population of some 738,000, is the only Gulf nation along with Kuwait with an elected parliament, but laws must be approved by the king-appointed Shura Council, the upper chamber of Bahrain's parliament.
Labels: Protests in Bahrain
Published: February 15, 2011
MANAMA, Bahrain — Thousands of protesters poured into this nation’s symbolic center, Pearl Square, late Tuesday in a raucous rally that again demonstrated the power of popular movements that are transforming the political landscape of the Middle East.
In a matter of hours, this small, strategically important monarchy experienced the now familiar sequence of events that has rocked the Arab world. What started as an online call for a “Day of Rage” progressed within 24 hours to an exuberant group of demonstrators, cheering, waving flags, setting up tents and taking over the grassy traffic circle beneath the towering monument of a pearl in the heart of Manama, the capital.
The crowd grew bolder as it grew larger, and as in Tunisia and Egypt, modest concessions from the government only raised expectations among the protesters, who by day’s end were talking about tearing the whole system down, monarchy and all.
Then as momentum built up behind the protests on Tuesday, the 18 members of Parliament from the Islamic National Accord Association, the traditional opposition, announced that they were suspending participation in the legislature.
The mood of exhilaration stood in marked contrast to a day that began in sorrow and violence, when mourners who had gathered to bury a young man killed the night before by the police clashed again with the security forces.
In that melee, a second young man was killed, also by the police.
“We are going to get our demands,” said Hussein Ramadan, 32, a political activist and organizer who helped lead the crowds from the burial site to Pearl Square. “The people are angry, but we will control our anger, we will not burn a single tire or throw a single rock. We will not go home until we succeed. They want us to be violent. We will not.”
Bahrain is best known as a Persian Gulf base for the United States Navy’s Fifth Fleet and as a playground for residents of Saudi Arabia who can drive over a causeway to enjoy the nightclubs and bars of the far more permissive kingdom. Its ruler, King Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa, is an important ally of the United States in fighting terrorism and countering Iranian influence in the region.
It is far too soon to tell where Bahrain’s popular political uprising will go. The demands are economic — people want jobs — as well as political, in that most would like to see the nation transformed from an absolute monarchy into a constitutional one. But the events here, inspired by the uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt, have altered the dynamics in a nation where political expression has long been tamed by harsh police tactics and prison terms.
In a rare speech to the nation, the king expressed his regret on national television over the two young men killed by the police and called for an investigation into the deaths. But in an unparalleled move he also instructed his police force to allow more than 10,000 demonstrators to claim Pearl Square as their own.
As night fell Tuesday and a cold wind blew off the Persian Gulf, thousands of demonstrators occupied the square or watched from a highway overpass, cheering. Where a day earlier the police fired tear gas and rubber bullets at any gatherings that tried to protest, no matter how small, or peaceful, people now waved the red and white flag of Bahrain, gave speeches, chanted slogans and shared food.
The police massed on the other side of a bridge leading to the square. A police helicopter never stopped circling, but took no action, to the protesters’ surprise.
By 10 p.m., many of the people headed home from the square, with many saying they had plans to return the next day. A core group planned to spend the night there in tents.
“Now the people are the real players, not the government, not the opposition,” said Matar Ibrahim Matar, 34, an opposition member of Parliament who joined the crowd gathered beneath the mammoth statue. “I don’t think anyone expected this, not the government, not us.”
Labels: Protests in Bahrain
|Pro-democracy protesters in Tahrir Square have vowed to take the protests to a 'last and final stage' [AFP]|
Hosni Mubarak, the Egyptian president, has resigned from his post, handing over power to the armed forces.
Omar Suleiman, the vice-president, announced in a televised address that the president was "waiving" his office, and had handed over authority to the Supreme Council of the armed forces.
Suleiman's short statement was received with a roar of approval and by celebratory chanting and flag-waving from a crowd of hundreds of thousands in Cairo's Tahrir Square, as well by pro-democracy campaigners who attended protests across the country on Friday.
The crowd in Tahrir chanted "We have brought down the regime", while many were seen crying, cheering and embracing one another.
Mohamed ElBaradei, an opposition leader, hailed the moment as being the "greatest day of my life", in comments to the Associated Press news agency.
"The country has been liberated after decades of repression,'' he said.
"Tonight, after all of these weeks of frustration, of violence, of intimidation ... today the people of Egypt undoubtedly [feel they] have been heard, not only by the president, but by people all around the world," our correspondent at Tahrir Square reported, following the announcement.
"The sense of euphoria is simply indescribable," our correspondent at Mubarak's Heliopolis presidential palace, where at least ten thousand pro-democracy activists had gathered, said.
"I have waited, I have worked all my adult life to see the power of the people come to the fore and show itself. I am speechless." Dina Magdi, a pro-democracy campaigner in Tahrir Square told Al Jazeera.
"The moment is not only about Mubarak stepping down, it is also about people's power to bring about the change that no-one ... thought possible."
In Alexandria, Egypt's second city, our correspondent described an "explosion of emotion". He said that hundreds of thousands were celebrating in the streets.
Pro-democracy activists in the Egyptian capital and elsewhere had earlier marched on presidential palaces, state television buildings and other government installations on Friday, the 18th consecutive day of protests.
Anger at state television
At the state television building earlier in the day, thousands had blocked people from entering or leaving, accusing the broadcaster of supporting the current government and of not truthfully reporting on the protests.
"The military has stood aside and people are flooding through [a gap where barbed wire has been moved aside]," Al Jazeera's correspondent at the state television building reported.
He said that "a lot of anger [was] generated" after Mubarak's speech last night, where he repeated his vow to complete his term as president.
Outside the palace in Heliopolis, where at least ten thousand protesters had gathered in Cairo, another Al Jazeera correspondent reported that there was a strong military presence, but that there was "no indication that the military want[ed] to crack down on protesters".
|Click here for more of Al Jazeera's special coverage|
She said that army officers had engaged in dialogue with protesters, and that remarks had been largely "friendly".
Tanks and military personnel had been deployed to bolster barricades around the palace.
Our correspondent said the crowd in Heliopolis was "gaining momentum by the moment", and that the crowd had gone into a frenzy when two helicopters were seen in the air around the palace grounds.
"By all accounts this is a highly civilised gathering. people are separated from the palace by merely a barbed wire ... but nobody has even attempted to cross that wire," she said.
As crowds grew outside the palace, Mubarak left Cairo on Friday for the Red Sea resort of Sharm al-Shaikh, according to sources who spoke to Al Jazeera.
In Tahrir Square, hundreds of thousands of protesters gathered, chanting slogans against Mubarak and calling for the military to join them in their demands.
Our correspondent at the square said the "masses" of pro-democracy campaigners there appeared to have "clear resolution" and "bigger resolve" to achieve their goals than ever before.
However, he also said that protesters were "confused by mixed messages" coming from the army, which has at times told them that their demands will be met, yet in communiques and other statements supported Mubarak's staying in power until at least September.
The military said it would also guarantee changes to the constitution as well as a free and fair election, and it called for normal business activity to resume.
Al Jazeera's correspondent in Tahrir Square said people there were hugely disappointed with that army statement, and had vowed to take the protests to "a last and final stage".
"They're frustrated, they're angry, and they say protests need to go beyond Liberation [Tahrir] Square, to the doorstep of political institutions," she said.
Protest organisers have called for 20 million people to come out on "Farewell Friday" in a final attempt to force Mubarak to step down.
Hossam El Hamalawy, a pro-democracy organiser and member of the Socialist Studies Centre, said protesters were heading towards the presidential palace from multiple directions, calling on the army to side with them and remove Mubarak.
"People are extremely angry after yesterday's speech," he told Al Jazeera. "Anything can happen at the moment. There is self-restraint all over but at the same time I honestly can't tell you what the next step will be ... At this time, we don't trust them [the army commanders] at all."
An Al Jazeera reporter overlooking Tahrir said the side streets leading into the square were filling up with crowds.
"It's an incredible scene. From what I can judge, there are more people here today than yesterday night," she said.
|Hundreds of thousands of protesters havehered |
in the port city of Alexandria [AFP]
"The military has not gone into the square except some top commanders, one asking people to go home ... I don't see any kind of tensions between the people and the army but all of this might change very soon if the army is seen as not being on the side of the people."
Hundreds of thousands were participating in Friday prayers outside a mosque in downtown Alexandria, Egypt's second biggest city.
Thousands of pro-democracy campaigners also gathered outside a presidential palace in Alexandria.
Egyptian television reported that large angry crowds were heading from Giza, adjacent to Cairo, towards Tahrir Square and some would march on the presidential palace.
Protests are also being held in the cities of Mansoura, Mahala, Tanta, Ismailia, and Suez, with thousands in attendance.
Violence was reported in the north Sinai town of el-Arish, where protesters attempted to storm a police station. At least one person was killed, and 20 wounded in that attack, our correspondent said.
Dismay at earlier statement
In a televised address to the nation on Thursday, Mubarak said he was handing "the functions of the president" to Vice-President Omar Suleiman. But the move means he retains his title of president.
Halfway through his much-awaited speech late at night, anticipation turned into anger among protesters camped in Tahrir Square who began taking off their shoes and waving them in the air.
Immediately after Mubarak's speech, Suleiman called on the protesters to "go home" and asked Egyptians to "unite and look to the future."
Union workers have joined the protests over the past few days, effectively crippling transportation and several industries, and dealing a sharper blow to Mubarak’s embattled regime.
By Lyn J Rayner
Most people will consider their wealth as monetary, but truly there is wealth to be found in our other possessions, and motivation wealth could be considered as one. Anyone that is truly knowledgeable in a subject, then possesses a wealth of knowledge. This can be a most valuable tool.
This type of asset can be easily turned into a financial asset if one so chooses. Many of the famous successful entrepreneurs of today put themselves into a very lucrative financial position because they utilized motivation wealth assets that they had built up first.
So really how did they accomplish this? They did it step by step, and by the way if you are going to give this motivational thing a try be prepared for a few failures along the way. If you are smart though you can make those failures work for you to make you all the more determined to go after your motivation wealth.
What is motivation wealth?
Is the accumulation of all the knowledge you can possible gather about motivation. The more you have to work with the more successful you are going to be at motivating yourself.
Motivating yourself is going to lead you to your success in other areas. We often talk about money as being the number one thing and desire in everyone's life but it really isn't in many cases. There are some that would love to have a good strong personal relationship. Others want that big promotion at work.
Whatever it is that you truly want in life amounts up to your personal wealth. The truth of the matter is, if you have not built your motivation wealth account up, chances are you aren't going to get it.
Motivation is one of those rare things in life that is free yet we don't take advantage of it. We all have it within us we just don't know how get it to grow. It is like anything in life, if you want it to grow you have to feed it. How do you feed it? With knowledge!
In order to do this you need to build up your knowledge in motivation. Then you will have yourself a motivational arsenal that you can put into full action and get what you want out of life.
Often the problem that many of us are guilty of is biting off more than we can chew so to speak. We dive into new adventures and then as soon as the novelty wears off we are back to square one. Changing the approach and the way of thinking though when it comes to motivation wealth, is like building your arsenal up slowly and methodically. In fact you need to concentrate on holding yourself back so you don't burn out with over enthusiasm.
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Lyn_J_Rayner
Labels: Motivation Wealth
Anak lelaki presiden itu, Gamal, 47, dikatakan bertolak dengan pesawat peribadi bersama keluarganya dan 97 beg besar.
Keluarga itu dikatakan menginap di rumah agam enam tingkat milik mereka bernilai £8.5 juta (RM41 juta) berdekatan pusat beli-belah terkemuka Harrods di Knightsbridge, barat London.
Pengendali bagasi penerbangan Mesir di Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Heathrow berkata Wanita Pertama negara itu, turut dilihat tiba di London.
Mubarak dikatakan mempunyai aset £25 bilion (RM120 bilion) sejak berkuasa pada 1981.
Suzanne, Gamal dan anak sulung Mubarak, Alaa, 49, menjadi simbol kekayaan dan rasuah di Mesir. Suzanne turut digelar Marie Antoinette kerana bersikap umpama ratu yang dipancung di zaman revolusi Perancis.
Wanita Pertama Mesir itu turut memegang pasport Britain kerana ibunya, Lily May Palmer adalah wanita Inggeris dan bapanya berasal dari Mesir.
Lily bekerja sebagai jururawat bertemu jodoh dengan pelajar perubatan dari Mesir, Saleh Thabet di utara London pada 1934. Mereka kemudian berpindah ke Mesir dan Suzanne dilahirkan pada 1941. – Agensi
President Hosni Mubarak has defended the role of Egypt's security forces in suppressing anti-government protests which have rocked the country.
Mr Mubarak also dismissed his government and said a new cabinet would be announced on Saturday.
It was his first statement since the protests - in which at least 26 have died with hundreds injured - began.
Tens of thousands took part in protests in Cairo, Suez, Alexandria and other cities.
Protesters set fire to the headquarters of the governing NDP party and besieged state TV and the foreign ministry.
At least 13 people were killed in Suez on Friday, while in Cairo, five people died, according to medical sources.
That brings the death toll to at least 26 since the protests began on Tuesday.
"I have asked the government to present its resignation today," Mr Mubarak said, adding that he would appoint a new government on Saturday.
He also said he understood the protesters' grievances but that a thin line divided liberty from chaos and he would not allow Egypt to be destabilised.
In a televised address shortly after Mr Mubarak spoke, US President Barack Obama said he had spoken at length with the Egyptian president and urged him to turn "a moment of volatility" into "a moment of promise".
End Quote Barack Obama US President
Suppressing ideas never succeeds in making them go away”
The BBC's Jon Leyne in Cairo says there had clearly been a lot of discussion behind the scenes before Mr Mubarak spoke to the country.
But his comments will probably just provoke further unrest, says our correspondent - the people on the streets will be both infuriated by his accusations that they are seeking to destabilise the country and inspired that, having wrung some concessions from him, they could yet manage to oust him.
After Mr Mubarak spoke, a sustained volley was heard from central Cairo, which our correspondent said could have been either tear gas or live fire.
The Reuters news agency later quoted witnesses as saying more than 20 military vehicles rolled in to central Tahrir Square shortly after midnight, scattering protesters into the sidestreets.'Concrete steps'
After days of unrest, protests erupted again on Friday, as tens of thousands of protesters across the country turned out after Friday prayers shouting "Down, down with Mubarak" and, "The people want the regime to fall".
The authorities announced a curfew from 1800 to 0700 local time (1600-0500 GMT), but it was immediately and widely flouted.
At several locations, riot police responded by firing rubber bullets and tear gas, and by using water cannon.
The headquarters of the governing NDP party was set ablaze, while protesters also besieged the state broadcaster and the foreign ministry.
Internet and phone services - both mobile and landline - have been severely disrupted, although protesters are using proxies to work around the restrictions.
The BBC said it would forcefully protest to the Egyptian authorities after a reporter for BBC Arabic, Assad Sawey, arrested and beaten by plainclothes policemen in Cairo.
Mr Obama said he had told Mr Mubarak to respect the rights of the Egyptian people and refrain from using violence against peaceful protesters - but he said the protesters also had a responsibility to express themselves peacefully.
Hosni Mubarak looked composed and determined to survive his worst crisis since coming to power 30 years ago.
There was both a carrot and a stick - he acknowledged that the demands of the protesters were legitimate, but accused them of resorting to violence to destabilise Egypt.
Such an accusation is likely to infuriate them, and possibly increase their determination to challenge him even more.
Mr Mubarak defended his record in government, the very thing that is in doubt in the eyes of the hundreds of thousands who have taken to the streets in the past four days.
He promised to continue with democratic reforms, but as far as the opposition is concerned, they have heard it all before. He did make however one big concession: he sacked his entire cabinet. The question is whether this will be enough to calm the protesters or embolden them to ask for more.
He urged the Egyptian leader to take "concrete steps that advance the rights of the Egyptian people" and deliver on the promises of reform in his address.
"Violence will not address the grievances of the Egyptian people. And suppressing ideas never succeeds in making them go away," he said.
"Surely, there will be difficult days to come, but the United States will continue to stand up for the rights of the Egyptian people and work with their government in pursuit of a future that is more just, more free and more hopeful."
The BBC's Paul Adams in Washington said there is no immediate suggestion that the White House is cutting its ties with its long-time ally Mr Mubarak.
But it is clearly giving him the chance to turn the unrest into what Mr Obama described as "a moment of promise", says our correspondent.
Earlier, White House spokesman Robert Gibbs said Washington would review its aid to Egypt based on events in the coming days.
Egypt is the fourth largest recipient of American aid, after Afghanistan, Pakistan and Israel.
Britain, the US and France are all advising against non-essential travel to Egypt.
The unrest follows an uprising in Tunisia two weeks ago, in which President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali was toppled after 23 years in power.
The Tunisian upheaval began with anger over rising food prices, high unemployment and anger at official corruption - problems which also left many people Egypt feeling frustrated and resentful of their leadership.
Updated January 28, 2011 07:37 PM
What Can the Protests in Egypt Achieve?
Thousands of demonstrators calling for the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak poured from mosques in Cairo after noon prayers on Friday, as anti-government protests continued for a fourth day across Egypt. In Cairo and other cities, the police fired tear gas, rubber bullets and water cannons. Mr. Mubarak later appeared on television and ordered his government to resign, but did not offer to step down himself. He has backed the military's attempts to contain the unrest around the country.
President Obama held a press conference on Friday to say that he had spoken with Mr. Mubarak, who has ruled for nearly 30 years, and called on the Egyptian authorities to refrain from any violence against peaceful protesters. Mr. Obama also said that his administration has pressed the Mr. Mubarak to enact political reforms.
Can these protests, which seem to involve people from many walks of life and with many different motivations, form the foundation of a strong opposition movement? What should the world and the West be watching for?
Labels: Protests in Egypt
By KAREEM FAHIM
Published: January 28, 2011
CAIRO — The battle had gone on for hours, and the end of the bridge was in sight. Somewhere past the green armored cars and through the smoke was Liberation Square. For miles the protesters had marched peacefully, shouting at balconies for their neighbors to join them.
But water cannons and tear gas halted the march, for a time. Atef Badr, 28, turned to the retreating protesters with tears stirred by the moment, not the gas. “I’m begging you,” he screamed. “All of you in the back, come forward!”
A few tear gas canisters got caught in the wind and drifted away toward the river: an opportunity. The protesters surged forward, chanting, “Overthrow Mubarak!” They gained ground and then lost it, when the dull metal gas canisters started falling again.
So it went all afternoon on the Kasr al-Nil Bridge, as thousands of protesters tried again and again to get past the riot police, who were just as determined to keep them at bay: first with gas and water cannons, and then by beating them with truncheons.
The long struggle for the bridge set the tone for the momentous events throughout the country on Friday. Egyptians slowly shed their fear of President Hosni Mubarak’s police state and confronted its power, a few halting steps at a time.
The protesters came from every social class and included even wealthy Egyptians, who are often dismissed as apolitical, or too comfortable to mobilize. For some of them in the crowd on Friday, the brutality of the security forces was a revelation. “Dogs!” they yelled at the riot police, as they saw bloodied protesters dragged away. “These people are Egyptians!”
The protests started around noon, miles from the bridge, with prayer at a mosque and a sermon praising the young protesters. Anticipating the clashes, a police officer adjusted his riot helmet. A restaurant shuttered its doors.
Everyone seemed nervous. Nasser al-Sherif, 24, looked for his friends, who were late. It was his first protest in Egypt. “I’m just here to say no,” he said. “Once things get rough and violent, I might leave.”
Ibrahim al-Missiri, 36, looked at the crowd, which included two famous actors. “This is the class that never spoke out before,” he said. “I want the right to vote.”
The prayer ended, and the protesters, herded by a ring of riot police officers, started walking away down a side street and then stopped, turning back for their first confrontation of the day.
The police let them pass.
On a broad avenue, hundreds swelled to thousands. Three young men, old school friends, marched among them. Two of them worked at a call center for the Expedia Web site, earning a little more than $400 a month. They had all been intending to leave Egypt. The protests were changing their minds.
“We’ve had enough time stolen,” said Ali Bilal, 23. “We want to take control of the situation.”
Friends pushed a man in a wheelchair. A fruit vendor begged off calls to join the protests, pointing out that he would have to leave his donkey. On a balcony, an elderly woman looked at the crowd and threw her hands in the air. On other balconies, there was applause.
“Peaceful,” the marchers shouted. At the foot of the bridge, the security services were waiting, with other plans.
When the first tear gas canisters landed, Ziad Ali wondered whether the march would go on. “I’m 35; he’s been the president since I was 5,” he said of Mr. Mubarak. “I hope we can make it this time.”
At key moments young men inspired the marchers. A man with a red scarf wrapped around his face stood on a statue near the foot of the bridge, defiantly, as the tear gas clouds swirled around him.
Another man yelled into a bullhorn, telling protesters it was fine to fall back but not to retreat. A third managed to climb on top of one of the four green personnel carriers blocking the bridge, as the riot police fell back. The crowd cheered and advanced, as the first hurdle fell.
Abandoned by their comrades, the officers still in the transport trucks, no longer fearsome, sobbed as the protesters occupied the bridge for the first time. A local police chief was carried off the bridge bleeding from the head, joined by many people wounded by the falling canisters. When the bursts from the tear gas launchers quickened, the protesters retreated, until the young men at the front told them to come back.
The nearby 6 October Bridge filled with people, and the marchers on Kasr al-Nil cheered. The plan was to march to Tahrir, or Liberation, Square, in downtown Cairo, to link up with other groups of protesters. In the distance, a building burned.
“This is the first time I’ve seen collective action,” said Omar Barazi, 44, pondering the future. “I think there will be chaos and losses.”
That moment came quickly. Police officers watched the assault from boats. Hundreds of riot officers stormed the bridge, throwing benches and a police hut into the Nile and beating anyone who did not run. By late afternoon, they had retaken Kasr al-Nil and penned in a group of protesters next to a park.
Officers fired tear gas toward an opera house as the young men ran away, and for the protesters, everything seemed to be lost. Nadine Sherif walked among badly wounded comrades, despondent. “I hope he gets the message,” she said of Mr. Mubarak. “He’s not wanted.”
A few officers lit cigarettes, relaxed and chatted easily with the protesters, thinking they were done.
They were not. Night fell, and the protesters finally took the bridge.